Frequently, integration policies suffer from being patchy and incomplete. A comprehensive approach to integration tries to fill the gaps, through mainstreaming integration as a long-term objective across policy fields, emphasizing potentials and including the receiving society. Municipalities are well-placed to innovate and implement such a comprehensive approach. As a ReSOMA discussion brief will argue, EU programmes will provide new opportunities to support a comprehensive approach at the local level in the 2021 to 2027 funding period. More clarity, however, is needed about those elements of a holistic approach.
As our expert brief mapping the existing research in this field shows, sustainability of integration process is contingent upon many structural factors, such as availability of support related to migration process, involvement of third sector organizations, political composition of the local governments, electoral power of immigrants, resourceful local authorities willing to support place-based community-building and interaction sites. In our expert interview, Professor Ricard Zapata Barrero and Associate Professor Tiziana Caponio, highlight that:
- it is necessary to encourage partnership across local actors of governance and civil society organizations for a comprehensive approach.
- diversifying policy interventions would facilitate local interactions in different scales, from neighborhood and community-based organizations to district level.
- it is crucial to map out clearly the complementary roles that actors/stakeholders may play.
- lack of an EU-wide shared view of integration in spite of common EU principles
- no direct access to EU funds/programmes for integration action on urban level and transnational partnerships
- reluctance by some governments to invest in long-term integration and to use EU means for this purpose
- insufficient needs assessments in the development phase of country programmes
- monitoring of member states’ use of funds and stakeholder involvement in programme implementation
This online consultation aims to discuss with national stakeholders, practitioners, policy actors and researchers the following three topics:
Topic 1: Needs for better support.
- What are the critical factors to be addressed to facilitate local interactions newcomers and citizens?
- What do local and national actors need to ensure the sustainability of these activities?
Topic 2: Policy actions to ensure that needs are addressed.
- What are the measures that have been implemented to fulfil these needs in your national/local context?
- What other possible measures could be implemented to fulfil these needs?
- Which are the most important measures to ensure more EU support? Please also fill out a quick scoring survey on different options.
Topic 3: The role of the EU and other actors
- What role could the EU play in fostering good practices and empowering local and national stakeholders for comprehensive integration?
- Who are the other key institutions and actors that are or should be involved in comprehensive approach to integration? How can they help ensure the successful implementation of this approach?
We invite you all to share your views, experiences and examples on programmes contributing to comprehensive integration in your country of work/residence.
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