The prevention of secondary movements is a key political issue in the reform of Common European Asylum System (CEAS). Distrust in the effectiveness of proposed measures is one of the reasons for the deadlock in negotiations beyond the issue of solidarity. 2016 Commision proposals include punitive measures such as restrictions to the freedom of movement and withdrawal of reception conditions for applicants who abscond and engage in secondary movements. European Parliament, however, in its Report on the Commission’s proposal states that “the provision of high quality reception conditions, at the same level throughout the EU will be the most important factor in preventing secondary movements”.
As our expert brief mapping the existing research in this field shows, the drivers for onward movements, how the phenomenon of secondary migration led to the securisation of the Schengen space and the need for a comprehensive harmonization of asylum rules and for new measures on asylum policy to ensure solidarity between all Member States.In our expert interview, Dr. Jeroen Doomernik and Prof. Chiara Favilli highlight that:
- harmonization and implementation of the CEAS is needed to eliminate or reduce the discrepancies between national asylum systems to minimize onward movements.
- it is necessary to find an alternative mechanism for the allocation of responsibility between Member States, in the view of a Dublin Regulation reform.
- solutions require a careful consideration of asylum seekers’ needs and limitations on the freedom of movement and residence for beneficiaries of international protection.
Key issues and controversies further highlighted in upcoming ReSOMA discussion brief include:
- The impact of current barriers to family reunification on secondary movements.
- The political and rhetorical use of secondary movements to reintroduce internal border checks within the Schengen area.
- The incompatibility between punitive measures towards asylum seekers engaging in secondary movements and fundamental rights principles enshrined in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, CJEU and ECtHR jurisprudence and EU asylum law.
This online consultation aims to discuss with national stakeholders, practitioners, policy actors and researchers the following three topics:
Topic 1: Drivers of secondary movements and role of local and national actors.
- What are the critical factors and conditions encouraging secondary movement? Please fill out our scoring survey.
- What are the specific needs of local and national actors to be actively involved in eliminating conditions that lead to secondary movement?
Topic 2: Policy actions to ensure that needs are addressed.
- What are the measures that have been implemented to fulfil these needs in your national/local context?
- What are other possible measures to implement to fulfil these needs?
Topic 3: The role of the EU and other actors.
- What role could the EU play to strengthen the current legislative framework and foster good practices and empower local and national stakeholders in addressing secondary movements?
- Who are the other key institutions and actors that are or should be involved in managing secondary movements? How can they help ensure freedom of movement?
We invite you all to share your views, experiences and examples on secondary movements within the EU in your country of work/residence.
To join the discussion, please first log in to the platform in the top right corner.
When you leave a message, please note in the subject line the topic you are responding to in order to ensure a more interactive dialogue between commentators. Ex: “Topic 3: school boards play more important role than…”
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