• #Migration

What is the EU’s role in implementation of the Global Compact for Migration?

Intern - Plateforme protestante pour l'accueil des réfugiés
Enrico Gallerani
Social Operator - Non profit
Alberto Zinanni
Paralegal - ARCI Pistoia

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), signed in December 2018, is now to be implemented both internally within the majority of the EU Member States and externally with EU’s Global partners.

As Ask the Expert Brief underlines, the implementation of the GCM includes:

- Improved data collection on migration related issues that would enable evidence-based migration policies

- Enhanced cooperation among the states on international governance of migration, including upholding the existing standards on migrant rights, increasing legal migration possibilities, addressing challenges of irregular migration and human trafficking and migrant smuggling

- Commitment to strengthening partnerships among civil society, migrant-led organisations, diaspora communities, local authorities, parliaments, academia, businesses and social partners - employers organisations and trade unions

- The proposed follow-up and monitoring of implementation of GCM via Migration Review Forum.


Due to internal political controversies and disinformation campaigns of what the Global Compact actually entails, twelve states abstained and five voted against adopting the Global Compact on Migration. Those include some of the EU and Schengen countries as well as Australia, the Dominican Republic, Chile, Israel, and the US. Moreover, several EU policies enacted in a ‘crisis mode’ stands at odds with the objectives of the GCM, from minimizing the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their countries to providing access to basic services to migrants, eliminating all forms of discrimination and promoting evidence-based public discourse on migration.


This online consultation aims to discuss with national stakeholders, practitioners, policy actors and researchers the following three topics:


Topic 1: The role of the EU and its institutions.

- Which key EU institutions, namely, European Parliament, Council, and different Commission DGs (External Action Service, HOME, DEVCO) and EU agencies (FRONTEX, FRA, EASO) should be involved in the implementation of GCM? Please fill out our scoring survey.

- What should be their (potential) role? 


Topic 2:  EU’s role in cooperating with other actors implementing the GCM in the EU Member States.

- How can the EU improve cooperation with and among the critical actors implementing the GCM in the EU Member States? What kind of process should it be – platform for consultation, funding scheme, etc.?

- What are the specific needs of civil society, local authorities and private businesses to be actively involved in the implementation process?


Topic 3: The EU’s accountability for implementing GCM.

- What kind of EU oversight institutions/ mechanisms would ensure Member States and EU level institutions’ and agencies accountability for (non)implementation of the GCM?

- How could non-state actors feed in the Global Migration Review on (in)actions at the EU level?


We invite you all to share your views, experiences and examples on the EU’s role in GCM implementation process.


To join the discussion, please first log in to the platform in the top right corner. 


When you leave a message, please note in the subject line the topic you are responding to in order to ensure more interactive dialogue between commentators. Ex: “Topic 3: EU’s accountability for implementing GCM could be ensured by…”


Please scroll down to read and reply to previous comments!

Marta Gionco
09.07.2019 17:46

Topic 3:

In order to ensure the EU’s accountability under the GCM, the EU should develop an implementation plan. The plan should include actions on all 23 commitments. NGOs should be consulted both in the process of adoption of the plan and during its review. Moreover, it is important to have clear procedures in place so that all EU actions are in line with the Compact’s objectives. This procedure should be transparent and should allow for inputs from civil society organisations and other non-state stakeholders. For instance, in the process of drafting and discussing new legislative proposals, all institutions involved should be responsible of ensuring coherence with the GCM’s objectives. This should also be considered in the process of adoption of multilateral and bilateral agreements.

07.09.2019 16:37

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