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Survey 4 - Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

European Union (EU) and national policies are increasingly affecting civil society organisations and individuals who provide humanitarian assistance and access to rights to refugees, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants. The Facilitation Directive and its Framework Decision represent the main legislative instrument at the EU level to tackle migrant smuggling and criminalise the facilitation of unauthorised entry, transit and residence of migrants in the European Union In addition, in the context of the so-called “European refugee humanitarian crisis” at the EU level political and operational priority has been given to combating migrant smuggling. This has led to criminal charges, legal restrictions and administrative penalties against civil society actors. In some countries, suspicion has led to a shift in attitudes of the public and media towards civil society actors and individuals in the Member States. The questionnaire explores what kind of developments are  happening across different EU member states and what are their impacts on the activities of civil society organisations and broader societal issues such as the rule of law, democracy, freedom of assembly and association.